McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Solution One constructor and also has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fabricator, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) cars racing championship. The team is the 2nd earliest active, and second most effective Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and eight Fabricators' Champions. The group is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. More American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a screening accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Task Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and shortly after organised a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take complete control of the group. This started the team's most effective age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Champions and the group took 6 Manufacturers' Champions. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later on their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent challenge throughout this duration, the two winning every builders' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had relocated to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, 570s gt4 further champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till a minimum of 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to establish his own group to run him and his prospective Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper automobiles.